Exhibition: “Trajan. Bulding the Empire, Creating Europe” (Mercati di Traiano – Rome, until September 16th 2018)
Text and pictures by Maria Teresa Tozzi
The city of Rome celebrates the great Emperor Trajan with the exhibition “Trajan. Building the Empire, Creating Europe” at Trajan’s Markets, until 16th September 2018. The occasion is the 1900th anniversary of his death.
He was the first adoptive and Spanish Emperor. His predecessor Nerva chose him not only for his extraordinary military abilities but also for his capacity to solve the problems of the Empire. Trajan brought the Empire to the maximum extension, but he built also public monuments, reorganized the administration and tried to improve life conditions for poor people. For this reason, the Roman Senate gave him the title “Optimus Princeps” (a Latin term to indicate the best among Emperors).
It is possible to learn about his memorable life thanks to several archaeological objects from the museums of the Sovrintendenza Capitolina, but also other important Italian and foreign museums, and through reconstructive multimedia products.
Seven sections compose the exhibition.
The first part is dedicated to his military conquests and subsequent construction of Peace.
Other sections are dedicated to women of his family and their innovative political role.
Visitors can also have an idea of Trajan’s private life thanks to archaeological finds from his Villa in Arcinazzo Romano. There are especially gold stuccoes, marbles and frescoes, recently restored and reassembled, exhibited in Rome for the first time. A video shows his unknown and inaccessible Villa on the Aventine Hill.
Another section is about the construction of new harbors: Civitavecchia and Portus (Fiumicino), of which a scale model has been made.
The last part focuses on Trajan’s fortune from his death to modern era: he has lived on through the centuries thanks in part to legends about him.
The visitor is completely absorbed into the world of Trajan through multimedia devices, such as videos and three-dimensional renderings.